This report presents the research findings of a dedicated Somalia case study that examines how Somalia’s energy sector is linked to the broader conflict dynamics in the country as well as the existing energy practices of the UN. Out of these two lines of inquiry, the report considers what can be learned from the energy practices of
the UN and African Union (AU) operations in Somalia, informed by an analysis of what is unique to Somalia and what can potentially be replicated in other countries where UN peace operations are deployed. The study seeks to understand how the UN’s transition to renewables can be accelerated and also implemented in a way that supports peace and development in local communities.

The report was prepared on the basis of a literature review and semi-structured interviews, conducted from August through October 2021, with officials of the Federal Government of Somalia, the government of Southwest State, executives of major electricity service providers in Somalia, representatives of Kube Energy, and UN staff in New York, Mogadishu, and Addis Ababa. In addition to the key findings, the report also makes several recommendations aimed at discrete communities of stakeholders, including the UN Secretariat, UN member states, the Federal Government of Somalia, the federal member states, and electricity service providers in Somalia.